```
class EncoderLayer(nn.Module):
"Encoder is made up of self-attn and feed forward (defined below)"
def __init__(self, size, self_attn, feed_forward, dropout):
super(EncoderLayer, self).__init__()
self.self_attn = self_attn
self.feed_forward = feed_forward
self.sublayer = clones(SublayerConnection(size, dropout), 2)
self.size = size
def forward(self, x, mask):
"Follow Figure 1 (left) for connections."
x = self.sublayer[0](x, lambda x: self.self_attn(x, x, x, mask))
return self.sublayer[1](x, self.feed_forward)
```

where the line:
```
x = self.sublayer[0](x, lambda x: self.self_attn(x, x, x, mask))
```

seems to imply that we are, indeed, performing a self attention with the same
value `x`

as the query, key, and value.
However, reading the code of the self-attention (or the paper) leads
one to realise:
```
class MultiHeadedAttention(nn.Module):
def __init__(self, h, d_model, dropout=0.1):
"Take in model size and number of heads."
super(MultiHeadedAttention, self).__init__()
assert d_model % h == 0
# We assume d_v always equals d_k
self.d_k = d_model // h
self.h = h
self.linears = clones(nn.Linear(d_model, d_model), 4)
self.attn = None
self.dropout = nn.Dropout(p=dropout)
def forward(self, query, key, value, mask=None):
"Implements Figure 2"
if mask is not None:
# Same mask applied to all h heads.
mask = mask.unsqueeze(1)
nbatches = query.size(0)
# 1) Do all the linear projections in batch from d_model => h x d_k
query, key, value = \
[l(x).view(nbatches, -1, self.h, self.d_k).transpose(1, 2)
for l, x in zip(self.linears, (query, key, value))]
# 2) Apply attention on all the projected vectors in batch.
x, self.attn = attention(query, key, value, mask=mask,
dropout=self.dropout)
# 3) "Concat" using a view and apply a final linear.
x = x.transpose(1, 2).contiguous() \
.view(nbatches, -1, self.h * self.d_k)
return self.linears[-1](x)
```

where we notice:
```
# 1) Do all the linear projections in batch from d_model => h x d_k
query, key, value = \
[l(x).view(nbatches, -1, self.h, self.d_k).transpose(1, 2)
for l, x in zip(self.linears, (query, key, value))]
# 2) Apply attention on all the projected vectors in batch.
x, self.attn = attention(query, key, value, mask=mask,
dropout=self.dropout)
```

where we see that `query, key, value`

are being linearly transformed
before being used. Hence, an input of $(x, x, x)$ is transformed
to $(q', k', v') = (Qx, Kx, Vx)$ where $Q, K, V$ are arbitrary matrices.
Next, when we pass these into attention, the output we get is:
$\text{softmax}(q', k'^T) v = (Q x) (K x)^T (V x) = Q x x^T K^T V x$

the code below is the same thing, spelled out:
```
def attention(query, key, value, mask=None, dropout=None):
"Compute 'Scaled Dot Product Attention'"
d_k = query.size(-1)
scores = torch.matmul(query, key.transpose(-2, -1)) \
/ math.sqrt(d_k)
if mask is not None:
scores = scores.masked_fill(mask == 0, -1e9)
p_attn = F.softmax(scores, dim = -1)
if dropout is not None:
p_attn = dropout(p_attn)
return torch.matmul(p_attn, value), p_attn
```

So It's not `:)`